Neither India nor China is less when it comes to comparing economy or military forces. Each country is performing their best to establish its position in the world graph. But dynamics are transforming day after day as India is not losing a single chance to beat China, be it economy or army. Efforts are put continuously to emerge as a NEW INDIA.
China and India are the two emerging economies in the world. As of 2019, China and India is 2nd and 5th largest country of the world, respectively in a theoretical basis. On a PPP basis, China is on 1st, and India is in 3rd place. Both countries collectively share 19.46% and 27.18% of total global wealth in nominal and PPP terms, respectively. You can clearly see how India is competing with China without leaving a single stone unturned.
Even though there used to be a time when India was not as strong as China. But in the present age, the graphs tell us a different story. India has come up with huge success in almost all the sectors and defeating other nations like a pro.
The Clear Cut Military Comparison Between India and China
Defense Expenditure and Personnel
As per sources, China has declared its official military budget as $177 billion, while India’s budget lies between $261-266 billion.
If we talk about manpower, China has 21,83,000 active personnel and 510,000 reserve troops, while India has 14,44,000 and 21,00,000.
Resources On Land
In the sphere of military resources on land, China possesses 3,500 tanks, 33,000 armoured vehicles, 3,800 self-propelled artillery, 3,600 towed artillery, and 2,650 rocket projectors.
India, meanwhile, has 4,292 tanks, 8,686 armoured vehicles, 235 self-propelled artillery, 4,060 towed artillery, and 266 rocket projectors.
China’s total air fleet stands at 3,444 and covers 1,232 fighter jets, 371 dedicated attack crafts, 224 for transport, 314 trainers, 111 for special missions, 911 helicopters, and 281 attack helicopters.
The Indian air fleet has a strength of 2,141, including 538 fighter jets, 172 dedicated attack crafts, 250 for transport, 359 trainers, 77 for special missions, 722 helicopters, and 23 attack helicopters.
China, at present, has two aircraft carriers, 36 destroyers, 52 frigates, 50 corvettes, 74 submarines, 220 patrol vessels, and 29 crafts for mine warfare.
The Indian fleet, meanwhile, consists of one aircraft carrier, 10 destroyers, 13 frigates, 19 corvettes, 16 submarines, 139 patrol vessels, and three crafts for mine warfare.
The Chinese nuclear arsenal currently stands at 320, while India has 150 weapons.
Which Has the Bigger Military Power? China or India?
When asked this question, one might like to base their judgment on China vs. India war that took place in 1962.
This could suggest that the Chinese Army has a subjective advantage over the Indian army but, fast forward to the present state; a lot has changed now as India has better weaponry and equipment than before.
China may be more powerful in terms of troop numbers and defense budget, but that doesn’t certainly mean that China can subdue India; facts can be deceiving at times.
1967 Indo-China War: India Clearly Won It!
1962 is marked as the year when India lost his soldiers in a conflict with China. This war continued for over a month and China marked its victory. But in 1967, India fought a battle against China to reestablish its self-respect and defend its land and won. The 1967 battles of Nathu La and Cho La pass changed the Indo-China political dynamics forever. The Sino-Indian border remained peaceful after these conflicts till 2020, China–India skirmishes.
India has never stepped back when it comes to taking revenge for each blood drop of their soldiers. Presently, it is clear-crystal how India is overpowering to China in almost everything.
Capability to Advance and Create Smart Weapons
China’s Military Technology
New Chinese weapons embody a strategy known as “remote warfare,” whereby the come up with more creative machines; a little mechanization gives the machines a great boost.
Such machines can use missiles to beat the enemy in other locations. Although a human soldier chooses the target, the missile uses artificial intelligence to avoid defenses and make final targeting decisions. The weapon flies over a target zone, searching for its mark.
The speed of the Chinese technology is noteworthy as they’re continually thinking about how to ensure they remain competitive in the next generations.
India’s Military Technology
India’s military technology is also developing quite fast. The country has experienced a significant breakthrough in its efforts to develop directed energy weapons that will very soon put India firmly in control of its own fate.
The directed energy weapons primarily produce a beam of concentrated electromagnetic energy. Such high-powered lasers can defeat enemy missiles and end wars before they even start. Although they are not yet ready and might take years to be ready, once they are, they will be very crucial in offering a major deterrence capability.
How Does Will India Emerge as A Nation in the Coming Years?
Winning a war doesn’t actually depend on the number of army personnel but depends on the best use of utilities and assets.
Strategy and planning are all that value. In this case, both the Indian and the Chinese armies have shown that they can fight wars in poor circumstances and inadequate logistics. If a battle were to occur, it would be bound in scope and short in terms instead of a large scale, force-on-force war due to the risk of a nuclear attack as both countries have the adequate nuclear ability.
The economy of India is presently the world’s third-largest in relation to real GDP (PPP) after the United States of America and the People’s Republic of China.And the chances of improvement are clear as crystal.
At present, we can call India as a developing nation, but in the near future, it will be called as a Developed Nation just like the USA.
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